Repair And Prep Interior Surfaces

So you want to paint your walls? You see endless ripples, waves, cracks and flaws. With the proper prep for interior surfaces and paint only your imagination can stop you from having the professional look you are aiming for. After you prep interior surfaces your walls can become a beautiful accent or an attractive center to your room.

You must begin by the proper interior surface preparation. Taking the time to clean and prime your walls will guarantee a longer lasting paint finish.

Begin by washing your walls. Using a damp, not dripping sponge, wash with a common household cleaner from the bottom up to avoid streaking. Rinse with clear water and let dry.

Prep interior surfaces and fix any problems now.

Water stains: Use a stain sealing primer that contains shellac. Remember to check why you have a water stain. Immediate attention to the problem will prevent major problems down the road. If left unsealed your new faux finish will eventually be ruined by the stain showing through.

Colored stains: Crayon and marker are not always removed easily. Apply a stain remover and use a sealing primer.

Mildew and Mold: If it is mildew it will not wash away with water and detergent. Use a soft bristle brush to scrub away the mildew using one part chlorine bleach to four parts water which will kill the mildew. Then wash with a TSP (trisodium phosphate) solution rinsing with clear water.

Peeling paint: Scrape away the loose paint and apply a thin coat of spackle to the edges of the remaining paint. Allow to dry thoroughly and sand lightly. Wipe clean with a damp sponge. This will create a smooth transition between the bare wall and the surrounding surfaces.

Filling small nail holes: Fill completely the nail hole with spackle or drywall compound until level with the wall and smooth with sandpaper after it has dried. If the nail hole is in drywall drive a new screw about 2 inches from the original sinking the head slightly below the surface and follow the directions above.

Filling dents and gouges in drywall: Fill the dent with spackle. For deep holes you may have to build up layers allowing the layers to dry as you go. For large holes, cut a neat hole and use backer strips from the drywall and hot glue them to the back of the hole. Then cut a patch and secure it to the strips using hot glue. Apply an adhesive drywall tape over the area then spackle. Dry then sand the area. For an easy repair self adhering metal and fiberglass patches are available.

Cracks: Gently smooth away any loose plaster and apply self adhesive drywall tape. Apply a thin layer of compound over the tape to hide the edges, dry, and sand to create a smooth area.

Once you prep interior surfaces it is time to begin. Whatever technique or color you choose the finished product will be attractive and well worth the time you spent.

Prepping Interior Surfaces For Paint

Interior surfaces do need a bit of attention before you apply any paint to them. In most situations, the work that is needed is fairly minor. Still, spending a bit of time improving the surface can help you to have a better finished look to your project. Consider the following tips and methods to improving the surface of most interior projects so that you can have a great finished look to your project.

Removing Paint and Varnish

On some surfaces, it is important to remove the paint or varnish on the surface before applying another color to it. This does not have to be a difficult process, though. In most cases, it just takes using the right products effectively. If the surface has several layers of paint, and the home is older, be careful when removing the paint. In some cases, this could be paint that is lead based, which takes a special process to remove (including wearing safety masks and ensuring that the paint is completely removed and discarded.)

The following at some tips to help you with removing paint and varnish from the surfaces you plan to paint.

Invest in a chemical solvent. You can also use sandpaper on some surfaces or a heat application. This can help you to remove the layers of paint easily, though, since the chemicals can help to blister the existing paint without doing any damage to the surface itself.

Using gloves and a mask, apply the chemical solvent to the surface according to the manufacturer’s directions. Then, allow it to sit for at least ten minutes. This allows for the chemical to get into the paint and start to lift it from the surface.

Use a flat edge scrapper to remove these layers of paint. Keep it at an angle so that you do not damage the surface itself. Scrap off as much of the paint that will come off without gouging into the surface.

Use sandpaper or another coat of the chemical solvent to continue to remove the rest of the paint.

Allow the surface to fully dry for 24 hours before trying to apply any additional paint to the surface. This will allow enough time for the chemicals to evaporate enough that you can paint over them.

Whenever it is possible to remove the paint or varnish from the surface, do so. This allows you to have a better coat of your own paint over the top. It also can help to keep the surface healthy and in good condition. You can often paint over the top of the existing paint, especially if it is a flat paint, but removing these layers can help to improve the surface enough to give you that professional look.

What You Need To Know About Faux Finish Before You Start

First you need to know the basics before you move on to choosing a faux finish. Imagine a tree with basic painting representing the roots and the trunk of a tree. Faux finishes represent two branches of that tree: positive and negative techniques. The faux finishes are the decorative tree leaves that everyone sees. Under it all the trunk holds the tree together. The root system or the preparation is what keeps the tree stable.

The color, style, furniture, and general design elements of a room will guide you in choosing your effect. You must have a clear plan to be successful. Control is the knowledge you have to produce the finish as well as the tools used to produce that effect.

A sponge, hair clips, brushes, or bubble wrap are examples of things that help you control the medium of the paint. The right tool means that things with handles, things made of plastic, and things that leave an impression are the most suitable. A tool with a handle will distance you from the surface you are working on. You can see the faux finish emerge clearly and you have the benefit of keeping yourself from becoming covered with glaze. Plastic is the easiest material to clean. Things that leave an impression offer a variety of finishes that highlight and shadow and create an optical illusion of depth. A large room requires a larger imprint and it also helps to speed up the time it takes to complete your project. If a large tool is used in a small room the effect can sometimes become overwhelming. Choose a tool proportionate to the space available.

Preparation of the item is the first step in creating a faux finish. This may require a sealer or just a good washing. Make sure you allow it to dry thoroughly before you paint the base coat. Allow the base coat to dry completely. Now is the creative part. Applying the glaze and creating your finish. Glazes modify the color of a base coat by allowing it to peek through. This creates visual depth of highlight and shadow. Always mix twice as much glaze with the paint as you think you will need. If you run out of glaze it is almost impossible to match the paint color.

Work from the bottom up, randomly applying the glaze. Avoid creating row, columns or any sort of structure.

If you are working with a partner remember that each person has different pressure and techniques when using the tool for the faux finish. Even though you may be working side by side the pattern will look different.

Be patient with yourself. The more practice you have the better you will get. Begin in a room or with a wall that is not the first thing you see when you walk in. Understand that you will make mistakes during your project. Some of the best finishes have been the result of mistakes. Have no fear in taking risks. Your greatest successes arise when you turn yourself over to possibilities.

Prep Interior Surfaces

Prep for interior surfaces is an essential step to creating a beautiful finished product.

I want to get down to painting and creating. It takes allot of time to prep interior surfaces but it is well worth it. Without the prep for interior surfaces the paint may not stick, it may allow stains to show through, or it may not last or dry properly. With a little extra time for properly prepping interior surfaces you save time in the long run. Nothing is worse than completing your paint job to find it ruined by stains showing through the next day!

Painting various surfaces requires different prep for interior surfaces.

Wood veneer should be wiped with a damp not wet, lint free cloth, sanded with fine grit sandpaper and if necessary apply an acrylic wood primer, latex or oil based undercoat. Unpainted plywood or any unpainted wood should be prepared in the same way.

Plastics need to be washed with a detergent solution or mineral spirits, sanded with wet or dry paper and a specialty primer made for plastics applied. This assures the paint will adhere properly to the surface.

Bare metal should be brushed off to remove the rust, wiped with mineral spirits and steel wool, sanded with wet and dry paper, and then primed. Use a metal primer or rust proofing primer followed by an acrylic primer for water based paint.

Coated metal needs to be washed with a detergent solution and the coating removed with an appropriate stripper. It then needs to be sanded and a metal primer or rust proofing primer used followed by an acrylic primer for water based paint.

Painted wood needs to be washed with a detergent solution using a lint free cloth and allowed to dry completely. Remove all loose flakes of paint with a scraper. Use sandpaper to smooth the edges down. Use a wood primer or an undercoat when necessary. If you are using a lighter colored paint a primer is a good idea. If the paint is darker you may not need a primer if the surface is smooth. On a hidden area test the color to see what it looks like.

Varnished wood needs to be brushed with a stiff brush to remove any loose flakes of varnish. Wash the plywood with a lint free cloth in a detergent solution. Sand the plywood with coarse then fine grit paper to achieve a smooth surface. A wood primer should then be applied.

Paneling needs a clean fresh surface. You must fill, sand and prime the paneling. If this sounds like too much work you can cover the paneling with special liner paper or install ¼ inch drywall over the paneling.

It sounds like a lot of work, but preparation is the foundation for a quality paint job. The more time you spend for the prep of interior surfaces the faster and easier the application will go and the better the quality of the finished product.

Painting Preparation Tips For Interior Spaces

Painting interior walls can be more challenging than you think. The problems that occur during the painting project often come about because the improper (or no) steps were taken to ensure the painting was done right. Preparation is key here! You want to have great looking rooms and you most definitely want to make sure that your investment works well for you for years to come. It all starts with painting preparation.

First, gather your tools. You will need both paint brushes as well as paint rollers, including the extensions. In addition you will need drop cloths, painters tape, a paint pan as well as other application tools for hard to reach spaces, such as a flat applicator to slide between tight areas. You will want to read through the manufacturer’s directions for applying the paint, too. This is a good place for learning what type of paint it is and the amount of ventilation you will need. Also, some paint manufacturers recommend that you invest 12 hours between coats. These details are important to completing the project.

Next, prepare the walls. Here are some tips.

Make sure that the walls have been patched as needed using compound as appropriate. Sand down these areas afterwards. If necessary, use a first coat of flat paint over these areas before painting. Allow the compound to dry thoroughly before trying to paint over it.

If there are any moisture problems with the wall, fix them. Also, if this is a consistent problem, you may want to apply a sealant over the walls to protect them and the paint from the moisture.

Be sure to wash down the walls, too. Greasy spots or areas of dirt or debris will show through in the finished project. Use a solution of water and a mild detergent. Try not to saturate the walls with water, though. Allow them to fully dry before you paint.

Apply painter’s tape to all edges you do not want to paint, including window sills, doorframes and both the ceiling and baseboards. This will save you hours of time later not having to clean up the mess.

If the paint already on the wall is a glossy paint, you may need to paint a coat of flat paint over the top of it before applying the paint you would like to. This will help with adherence of the paint on the space.

That is all it takes to be ready to paint the walls within your home. While there are not too many steps, missing just one of them can cause the entire project to be more challenging than it needs to be. Most of the tools you will need are readily available inexpensively, too.